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Pascal Gaillard

Research interests :

I carry out my research in the lab CLLE UMR 5263, CNRS-UT2J

My research domain is the study of the auditory categorization and skills. The hypothesis is that we organize our perception by categorisation to learn and to organise our sound world. 

This categorisation seems to be dynamic (it is not fixed by a training, but varies according to needs), cognitive driven, and the objective of action depends very directly on task, and of action goal.

My studies concern three types of auditory stimuli: speech, music and environmental sounds. They are principally based on the theory of prototype and typicality, developed by Rosch (1976) and taken back in France by Dubois (1991).

With objective to answer this hypothesis, I collaborate on some studies in several domains:

  • studies with non-deaf and deaf people, children and adults, with cochlear implant, to understand their perception of environmental sounds.
  • studies on various type of stimuli (music and soundscapes) to understand auditories skills to perform a task or to build our environmental world by auditory indices.
  • studies on the understanding (and the difference with intelligibility) of speech, and its applications in industrial domain.

The experimentation using the prototype categorization theory require experimental paradigms ad hoc. It is for it that I develop since 2003 experimental software TCL-LABX.

The research in auditory skills also need adapted technological facilities, that is why I use the "Cognition, Behaviour and Use" facilities (CCU) including a set in audition (audiometric cabin).

More here : ORCID iD

Journal articles18 documents

  • Carole Fritz, Gilles Tosello, Guillaume Fleury, Emmanuel Kasarherou, Philippe Walter, et al.. First record of the sound produced by the oldest upper paleolithic seashell horn. Science Advances , American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2021, 7 (7), pp.eabe9510. ⟨10.1126/sciadv.abe9510⟩. ⟨hal-03090875⟩
  • Aurore Berland, Edward Collett, Pascal Gaillard, Michèle Guidetti, Kuzma Strelnikov, et al.. Categorization of everyday sounds by cochlear implanted children. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2019, 9 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41598-019-39991-9⟩. ⟨hal-02062575⟩
  • Nicolas Dauban, Paul Albenge, Ludovic Florin, Julien Pinquier, Christine Sénac, et al.. Catégorisation libre d'extraits musicaux et analyse automatique. Revue des Sciences et Technologies de l'Information - Série RIA : Revue d'Intelligence Artificielle, Lavoisier, 2018, ⟨10.3166/RIA.28.1-16⟩. ⟨hal-01910888⟩
  • Kuzma Strelnikov, Edward Collett, Pascal Gaillard, Eric Truy, Olivier Deguine, et al.. Categorisation of natural sounds at different stages of auditory recovery in cochlear implant adult deaf patients. Hearing Research, Elsevier, 2018, 367, pp.182--194. ⟨10.1016/j.heares.2018.06.006⟩. ⟨hal-02341980⟩
  • Lionel Fontan, Isabelle Ferrané, Jérôme Farinas, Julien Pinquier, Julien Tardieu, et al.. Automatic Speech Recognition Predicts Speech Intelligibility and Comprehension for Listeners With Simulated Age-Related Hearing Loss. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, 2017, pp.1-12. ⟨10.1044/2017_JSLHR-S-16-0269⟩. ⟨hal-01578677⟩
  • Céline Lemercier, Julien Tardieu, Pascal Gaillard, Pierre-Vincent Paubel. Regarder sans voir : impact de conversations téléphoniques courtes sur l'attention visuelle en conduite simulée. RTS - Recherche Transports Sécurité, IFSTTAR, 2017, 2016 (01-02), pp.59-65. ⟨10.4074/S0761898016002053⟩. ⟨hal-01539592⟩
  • Edward Collett, Mathieu Marx, Pascal Gaillard, Benoit Roby, Bernard Fraysse, et al.. Categorization of common sounds by cochlear implanted and normal hearing adults. Hearing Research, Elsevier, 2016, 335, pp.207-219. ⟨10.1016/j.heares.2016.03.007⟩. ⟨hal-01572454⟩
  • Lionel Fontan, Julien Tardieu, Pascal Gaillard, Virginie Woisard, Robert Ruiz. Relationship Between Speech Intelligibility and Speech Comprehension in Babble Noise. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, 2015, 58 (3), pp.977-986. ⟨10.1044/2015_JSLHR-H-13-0335⟩. ⟨hal-01578927⟩
  • Aurore Berland, Pascal Gaillard, Michèle Guidetti, Pascal Barone. Perception of Everyday Sounds: A Developmental Study of a Free Sorting Task. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2015, 10 (2), pp.1-21. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0115557⟩. ⟨hal-01572481⟩
  • Julien Tardieu, Nicolas Misdariis, Sabine Langlois, Pascal Gaillard, Céline Lemercier. Sonification of in-vehicle interface reduces gaze movements under dual-task condition. Applied Ergonomics, Elsevier, 2015, 50, pp.41-49. ⟨10.1016/j.apergo.2015.02.004⟩. ⟨hal-01257149⟩
  • Aurélie Simoës-Perlant, J.R. Schmidt, Christophe Boujon, James Schmidt, Céline Lemercier, et al.. Context-specific temporal learning with non-conflict stimuli: proof-of-principle for a learning account of context-specific proportion congruent effects. Frontiers in Psychology, Frontiers Media, 2014, 5 (1), pp.43-50. ⟨10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01241⟩. ⟨hal-02088901⟩
  • Lionel Fontan, Cynthia Magnen, Julien Tardieu, Isabelle Ferrané, Julien Pinquier, et al.. Comparaison de mesures perceptives et automatiques de l'intelligibilité : application à de la parole simulant la presbyacousie. Revue TAL, ATALA (Association pour le Traitement Automatique des Langues), 2014, 55 (2), pp.151-174. ⟨hal-01379482⟩
  • Mathieu Marx, Edward Collett, Pascal Barone, Pascal Gaillard, Bernard Fraysse, et al.. Catégorisation libre des sons naturels par les sujets implantés cochléaires. Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale, Elsevier, United States, 2014, 131 (4), pp.A46-A47. ⟨10.1016/j.aforl.2014.07.125⟩. ⟨hal-01586646⟩
  • Virginie Woisard, Pascal Gaillard, Danielle Duez. Free sorting task of speech disorders by expert and non expert listeners. Revue de Laryngologie Otologie Rhinologie, Revue de Laryngologie, 2012, 133 (1), pp.9-17. ⟨hal-01489697⟩
  • Nathalie Spanghero-Gaillard, Pascal Gaillard. Du rôle des bruits environnementaux dans la compréhension des documents authentiques. Est-ce que comprendre un dialogue, c'est seulement comprendre la langue? . Mélanges CRAPEL, Centre de recherches et d'applications pédagogiques en langues, 2009. ⟨hal-01627368⟩
  • Pascal Gaillard, Michèle Castellengo, Danièle Dubois. Variabilité temporelle dans la perception des transitoires d'attaque de sons percussifs. Les cahiers de la Société québécoise de recherche en musique, Montréal: Société québécoise de recherche en musique, 2007, 9 (1-2), pp.39-48. ⟨hal-02546951⟩
  • Cynthia Magnen, Michel Billières, Pascal Gaillard. Surdité phonologique et catégorisation. Perception des voyelles françaises par les hispanophones. Revue PAROLE, Université de Mons-Hainaut, 2005, pp.9-34. ⟨hal-02546938⟩
  • Pascal Gaillard. Regard sur un paysage musical: les steelbands de Trinidad. Revista de acústica, Madrid: Sociedad Española de Acústica, 2003, 34 (3-4). ⟨hal-02546956⟩

Conference papers12 documents

  • Nicolas Dauban, Christine Senac, Julien Pinquier, Pascal Gaillard. Towards a content-based prediction of personalized musical preferences using transfer learning. 18th International Conference on Content-Based Multimedia Indexing (CBMI 2021), Jun 2021, Lille, France. pp.1-6, ⟨10.1109/CBMI50038.2021.9461911⟩. ⟨hal-03653129⟩
  • Cynthia Magnen, Julien Tardieu, Maxime Le Roux, Pascal Gaillard. Mental representations evoked by aircraft noise components. 26th International Congress on Sound and Vibration, ICSV, Jul 2019, Montreal, Canada. ⟨hal-02546926⟩
  • Julien Tardieu, Cynthia Magnen, Maxime Le Roux, Pascal Gaillard. Perceptual relevance of acoustical parameters in aircraft noise. 26th International Congress on Sound and Vibration, Jul 2019, Montréal, Canada. ⟨hal-02546931⟩
  • Imed Laaridh, Julien Tardieu, Cynthia Magnen, Pascal Gaillard, Jérôme Farinas, et al.. Évaluations perceptive et automatique de l'intelligibilité de la parole dégradée par simulation de la surdité professionnelle. XXXIIes Journées d’Études sur la Parole (2018), Association Francophone de la Communication Parlée; CNRS; Laboratoire Parole et Langage, Aix-en-Provence, Jun 2018, Aix-en-Provence, France. pp.392-400, ⟨10.21437/JEP.2018-45⟩. ⟨hal-01858337⟩
  • Imed Laaridh, Julien Tardieu, Cynthia Magnen, Pascal Gaillard, Jérome Farinas, et al.. Perceptual and automatic evaluations of the intelligibility of speech degraded by noise induced hearing loss simulation. INTERSPEECH 2018, Sep 2018, Hyderabad, Inde. pp.2953-2957, ⟨10.21437/Interspeech.2018-1264⟩. ⟨hal-02181949⟩
  • Corine Astésano, Mathieu Balaguer, Jérôme Farinas, Corinne Fredouille, Alain Ghio, et al.. Carcinologic Speech Severity Index Project: A Database of Speech Disorder Productions to Assess Quality of Life Related to Speech After Cancer. Eleventh International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC 2018), May 2018, Miyazaki, Japan. pp.L18-1673. ⟨hal-01770168⟩
  • Cynthia Magnen, Josefina Carrera-Sabaté, Pascal Gaillard. Perception native des voyelles catalanes produites par des locutrices multilingues. 31e Journées d’Études sur la parole, Jun 2016, Paris, France. ⟨hal-01858360⟩
  • Cynthia Magnen, Julien Tardieu, Lionel Fontan, Pascal Gaillard, Nathalie Spanghero-Gaillard. Une méthode d’évaluation de la compréhension orale par choix d’image : application à de la parole dégradée par simulation de la presbyacousie. 31ème édition des Journées d’études sur la parole (JEP 2016), Jun 2016, Paris, France. ⟨hal-01572462⟩
  • Pascal Gaillard, Matt Coler, Julien Tardieu, Cynthia Magnen. Hybrid sound classification. Science and technology for a quiet Europe, May 2015, Maastricht, Netherlands. ⟨hal-01572472⟩
  • Julien Tardieu, Cynthia Magnen, Marie-Mandarine Colle Quesada, Nathalie Spanghero-Gaillard, Pascal Gaillard. A method to collect representative samples of urban soundscapes. Science and technology for a quiet Europe, May 2015, Maastricht, Netherlands. ⟨hal-01572478⟩
  • Aurore Berland, Nadine Cochard, Pascal Barone, Pascal Gaillard, Olivier Deguine, et al.. Enfant sourd et implant cochléaire: un développement spécifique?. Colloque international «Développements atypiques: quels apports pour la psychologie du développement?», Apr 2014, RENNES, France. ⟨hal-01870650⟩
  • Cynthia Magnen, Pascal Gaillard. Catégorisation de distorsions vocaliques produites par un apprenant hispanophone adulte en français L2. 4e Congrès Mondial de Linguistique Française, Jul 2014, Berlin, Allemagne. pp.1329 - 1343, ⟨10.1051/shsconf/20140801366⟩. ⟨hal-01586658⟩

Book sections1 document

  • Arthur Paté, Pascal Gaillard. Exploring and talking about music. Sensory Experiences - Exploring meaning and the senses, 24, John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2021, Converging Evidence in Language and Communication Research, 9789027209801. ⟨hal-03619356⟩