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Pascal Gaillard

Research interests :

I carry out my research in the lab CLLE UMR 5263, LTC Team, axis 1 : Cognitive Ergonomics : memory, rhythms, ageing 

My research domain is the study of the auditory categorization and skills. The hypothesis is that we organize our perception by categorisation to learn and to organise our sound world. 

This categorisation seems to be dynamic (it is not fixed by a training, but varies according to needs), cognitive driven, and the objective of action depends very directly on task, and of action goal.

My studies concern three types of auditory stimuli: speech, music and environmental sounds. They are principally based on the theory of prototype and typicality, developed by Rosch (1976) and taken back in France by Dubois (1991).

With objective to answer this hypothesis, I collaborate on some studies in several domains:

  • studies with non-deaf and deaf people, children and adults, with cochlear implant, to understand their perception of environmental sounds.
  • studies on various type of stimuli (music and soundscapes) to understand auditories skills to perform a task or to build our environmental world by auditory indices.
  • studies on the understanding (and the difference with intelligibility) of speech, and its applications in industrial domain.

The experimentation using the prototype categorization theory require experimental paradigms ad hoc. It is for it that I develop since 2003 experimental software TCL-LABX.

The research in auditory skills also need adapted technological facilities, that is why I use the "Cognition, Behaviour and Use" facilities (CCU) including a set in audition (audiometric cabin).

More here : ORCID iD

Unité de Recherche Interdisciplinaire Octogone-Lordat   

Journal articles6 documents

  • Lionel Fontan, Julien Tardieu, Pascal Gaillard, Virginie Woisard, Robert Ruiz. Relationship Between Speech Intelligibility and Speech Comprehension in Babble Noise. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, 2015, 58 (3), pp.977-986. ⟨10.1044/2015_JSLHR-H-13-0335⟩. ⟨hal-01578927⟩
  • Lionel Fontan, Cynthia Magnen, Julien Tardieu, Isabelle Ferrané, Julien Pinquier, et al.. Comparaison de mesures perceptives et automatiques de l'intelligibilité : application à de la parole simulant la presbyacousie. Traitement Automatique des Langues, Lavoisier (Hermes Science Publications) / ATALA (Association pour le Traitement Automatique des Langues), 2014, 55 (2), pp.151-174. ⟨hal-01379482⟩
  • A. Simoës-Perlant, J.R. Schmidt, C. Boujon, James Schmidt, Céline Lemercier, et al.. Context-specific temporal learning with non-conflict stimuli: proof-of-principle for a learning account of context-specific proportion congruent effects. Frontiers in Psychology, Frontiers, 2014, 5 (1), pp.43-50. ⟨10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01241⟩. ⟨hal-02088901⟩
  • Virginie Woisard, Pascal Gaillard, Danielle Duez. Free sorting task of speech disorders by expert and non expert listeners. Revue de Laryngologie Otologie Rhinologie, Revue de Laryngologie, 2012, 133 (1), pp.9-17. ⟨hal-01489697⟩
  • Nathalie Spanghero-Gaillard, Pascal Gaillard. Du rôle des bruits environnementaux dans la compréhension des documents authentiques. Est-ce que comprendre un dialogue, c'est seulement comprendre la langue? . Mélanges CRAPEL, Centre de recherches et d'applications pédagogiques en langues, 2009. ⟨hal-01627368⟩
  • Pascal Gaillard. Regard sur un paysage musical: les steelbands de Trinidad. Revista de acústica, 2003, 34 (3-4). ⟨hal-02546956⟩

Conference papers1 document

  • Corine Astésano, Mathieu Balaguer, Jérôme Farinas, Corinne Fredouille, Alain Ghio, et al.. Carcinologic Speech Severity Index Project: A Database of Speech Disorder Productions to Assess Quality of Life Related to Speech After Cancer. Eleventh International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC 2018), May 2018, Miyazaki, Japan. ⟨hal-01770168⟩