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Pascal Gaillard

Research interests :

I carry out my research in the lab CLLE UMR 5263, LTC Team, axis 1 : Cognitive Ergonomics : memory, rhythms, ageing 

My research domain is the study of the auditory categorization and skills. The hypothesis is that we organize our perception by categorisation to learn and to organise our sound world. 

This categorisation seems to be dynamic (it is not fixed by a training, but varies according to needs), cognitive driven, and the objective of action depends very directly on task, and of action goal.

My studies concern three types of auditory stimuli: speech, music and environmental sounds. They are principally based on the theory of prototype and typicality, developed by Rosch (1976) and taken back in France by Dubois (1991).

With objective to answer this hypothesis, I collaborate on some studies in several domains:

  • studies with non-deaf and deaf people, children and adults, with cochlear implant, to understand their perception of environmental sounds.
  • studies on various type of stimuli (music and soundscapes) to understand auditories skills to perform a task or to build our environmental world by auditory indices.
  • studies on the understanding (and the difference with intelligibility) of speech, and its applications in industrial domain.

The experimentation using the prototype categorization theory require experimental paradigms ad hoc. It is for it that I develop since 2003 experimental software TCL-LABX.

The research in auditory skills also need adapted technological facilities, that is why I use the "Cognition, Behaviour and Use" facilities (CCU) including a set in audition (audiometric cabin).

More here : ORCID iD


Journal articles3 documents

  • Lionel Fontan, Cynthia Magnen, Julien Tardieu, Isabelle Ferrané, Julien Pinquier, et al.. Comparaison de mesures perceptives et automatiques de l'intelligibilité : application à de la parole simulant la presbyacousie. Traitement Automatique des Langues, Lavoisier (Hermes Science Publications) / ATALA (Association pour le Traitement Automatique des Langues), 2014, 55 (2), pp.151-174. ⟨hal-01379482⟩
  • A. Simoës-Perlant, J.R. Schmidt, C. Boujon, James Schmidt, Céline Lemercier, et al.. Context-specific temporal learning with non-conflict stimuli: proof-of-principle for a learning account of context-specific proportion congruent effects. Frontiers in Psychology, Frontiers, 2014, 5 (1), pp.43-50. ⟨10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01241⟩. ⟨hal-02088901⟩
  • Matthieu Marx, Edward Collett, Pascal Barone, Pascal Gaillard, Bernard Fraysse, et al.. Catégorisation libre des sons naturels par les sujets implantés cochléaires. Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale, Elsevier, United States, 2014, 131 (4), pp.A46-A47. ⟨10.1016/j.aforl.2014.07.125⟩. ⟨hal-01586646⟩

Conference papers2 documents

  • Cynthia Magnen, Pascal Gaillard. Catégorisation de distorsions vocaliques produites par un apprenant hispanophone adulte en français L2. 4e Congrès Mondial de Linguistique Française, Jul 2014, Berlin, Allemagne. pp.1329 - 1343, ⟨10.1051/shsconf/20140801366⟩. ⟨hal-01586658⟩
  • Aurore Berland, Nadine Cochard, Pascal Barone, Pascal Gaillard, Olivier Deguine, et al.. Enfant sourd et implant cochléaire: un développement spécifique?. Colloque international «Développements atypiques: quels apports pour la psychologie du développement?», Apr 2014, RENNES, France. ⟨hal-01870650⟩