Number of documents


Waltraud PAUL

Since 1994, W. Paul has been a researcher at the CNRS (Centre national de la recherche scientifique i.e., the French National Center for Scientific Research) and affiliated with the CRLAO (Centre de recherches linguistiques sur l'Asie orientale = ‘Center for linguistic research on East Asia'). Her main interest is the syntax of modern Mandarin, with occasional excursions into the diachronic syntax of Chinese.


Research topics (selection)


  • structure of the extended VP in Mandarin Chinese

  • the ba-construction

  • focus cleft constructions in Mandarin ( shi…de )

  • left periphery and low IP area (topic, outer vs. inner; topic marker, sentence-final particles); split CP

  • adjective vs verb, adjectival modification, DP structure

  • double object construction: Applicative Phrase

  • syntax/semantics mismatch (cf. Paul 1988, chapters 3 & 6)

  • verb-object compounds vs. verb-object phrases (cf. Paul 1988)

  • serial verb constructions (SVC)


Editorial activities:

Associated editor of Glossa: a journal of general linguistics


Journal articles9 documents

  • Victor Junnan Pan, Waltraud Paul. The syntax of complex sentences in Mandarin Chinese : a comprehensive overview with analyses. Linguistic Analysis, David R. Willingham, In press, The syntax of complex sentences in Chinese, 42 (1-2). ⟨hal-01905081⟩
  • Waltraud Paul, Victor Junnan Pan. Introduction to the Special Issue on Complex Sentences in Chinese. Linguistic Analysis, David R. Willingham, In press, The syntax of complex sentences in Chinese, 42 (1-2). ⟨hal-01905157⟩
  • Victor Junnan Pan, Waltraud Paul. Why Chinese SFPs are neither optional nor disjunctors. Lingua, Elsevier, 2016, 170, pp.23-34. ⟨10.1016/j.lingua.2015.10.005⟩. ⟨halshs-01428327⟩
  • Waltraud Paul. Why particles are not particular: Sentence-final particles in Chinese as heads of a split CP. Studia Linguistica, Wiley-Blackwell, 2014, The Syntax of Particles, 68 (1), pp.77-115. ⟨10.1111/stul.12020⟩. ⟨halshs-01574249⟩
  • Waltraud Paul. Why Chinese DE is not like French DE: A Critical Analysis of the Predicational Approach to Nominal Modification. Studies in Chinese Linguistics, 2012, 33 (3), pp.183-210. ⟨halshs-01574251⟩
  • Waltraud Paul, John Whitman. Shi … de focus clefts in Mandarin Chinese. Linguistic Review, De Gruyter, 2008, 25 (3-4), pp.413-451. ⟨10.1515/TLIR.2008.012⟩. ⟨halshs-01574252⟩
  • Waltraud Paul. The serial verb construction in Chinese: A tenacious myth and a Gordian knot. Linguistic Review, De Gruyter, 2008, 25 (3-4), pp.367-411. ⟨10.1515/TLIR.2008.011⟩. ⟨halshs-01574253⟩
  • Waltraud Paul. Low IP area and left periphery in Mandarin Chinese. Recherches linguistiques de Vincennes, Presses Universitaires de Vincennes, 2005, L'architecture propositionnelle, la syntaxe de la périphérie gauche, 33, pp.111-134. ⟨⟩. ⟨halshs-01574256⟩
  • Waltraud Paul. Adjectival modification in Mandarin Chinese and related issues. Linguistics, De Gruyter, 2005, 43 (4), pp.757-793. ⟨10.1515/ling.2005.43.4.757⟩. ⟨halshs-01574254⟩

Conference papers2 documents

  • Redouane Djamouri, Victor Junnan Pan, Waltraud Paul. Clitic pronouns in Archaic Chinese. Linguistics Association of Great Britain Annual Meeting, University of York, Sep 2016, York, United Kingdom. ⟨halshs-01425436⟩
  • Waltraud Paul. Von Elseviers Lingua zur Open-Access-Zeitschrift Glossa: ein Lehrbeispiel? [De Lingua d’Elsevier à la revue open access Glossa: un exemple à suivre?]. . Deutsche Open Access Tage , Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Oct 2016, Munich, Germany. ⟨hal-01575497⟩

Book sections2 documents

  • Redouane Djamouri, Waltraud Paul. A new approach to -zhe in Mandarin Chinese. William McClure & Alexander Vovin (eds.). Studies in Japanese and Korean historical and theoretical linguistics and beyond., Brill, pp.110-123., 2018, 9789004350854. ⟨⟩. ⟨hal-01967283⟩
  • Waltraud Paul, Victor Junnan Pan. What you see is what you get: Chinese sentence-final particles as head-final complementisers. Discourse Particles – Formal Approaches to their Syntax and Semantics, De Gruyter Mouton, pp.49-77, 2017, Linguistische Arbeiten, 9783110497151. ⟨10.1515/9783110497151-003⟩. ⟨halshs-01425413⟩