Number of documents

28

Nicolas Thiollière


Assistant Professor IMT Atlantique

Research @ Subatech Laboratory (web site)

In the framework of energy transition, prospective studies are used to assess main technical and economic drivers in order to help identify most efficient policy levers. French case is specific since there is a significant amount of the energy used that comes from nuclear source. This is why nuclear scenario constitutes one of the strategic tools for producing expertise and knowledge related to the future of the electricity mix. Nuclear scenarios are based on nuclear fuel cycle simulators which aim to model an entire fleet of nuclear facilities. Fuel cycle simulators are used worldwide and by many institutions for wide range of applications:

  • Data production for assessing the future of nuclear energy and highlight decision making process
  • Optimization of industrial operations related to an existing nuclear fleet in support of the operator
  • Evaluation of nuclear fleet and/or fuel strategy by national or international safety authorities
  • Research and development training tool

We developp since 2011 in the framework of a CNRS/IN2P3 collaboration the fuel cycle simulator CLASS (CLASS repository). Electro-nuclear scenarios are part of a larger effort dedicated to produce knowledge in the framework of energy transition. An interdisciplinary team is being build with academic researchers from Nantes and Paris/Orsay. The goal is to gather experts from several scientific fields (sociology, economy, physics, applied mathematics, etc.) around energy transition problematics. 

Teaching @ IMT Atlantique (web site)

  • Master of Science in Engineering "Diplôme d'Ingénieur"
  • Master of Science - Sustainable Nuclear Engineering, Applications and Management (SNEAM)
  • MOOC on energy transition (FUN-MOOC web site)

Projects Management

PISE Project (since 2016)

PISE stands for Interdisciplinary program on energy transition. Project goals are multiple. First, it aims to perform energy transition modelling from economics and physics models coupling in order to assess the impact of the renewable electricity sources increase on nuclear costs. Innovative methodologies for scenario studies are based on Global Sensitivity Analysis. Second, the project aims to assess the role and usage of scenarios in industrial and political decision making process.

FIT Project (since 2016)

The FIT Project has been conceived to understand the circumstances under which the choice of algorithm and/or model influences the conclusions that one might draw from a fuel cycle simulation. The project aims to characterize the relationship between model fidelity and desired confidence level in the context of many differing research questions. Among functionalities of interest, this first FIT focuses on the ability of fuel cycle software to build fresh fuel in accordance with the available material and with associated reactor requirements. The FIT project is a Collaboration that gathers CNRS/IN2P3 and 6 international laboratories (from US and EU) on fuel cycle tools. The git repository could be found here : FIT github repository.

Scientific Responsabilities

  • Scientific Supervisor of J.B. Clavel's PhD (2009 - 2012)

System and scenario studies for the assessment of Minor Actinides transmutation in ADS

  • Scientific Supervisor of F. Courtin's PhD (2014 - 2017)

Scenario assessment of plutonium Multi-recycling in Pressurized Water Reactor with the code CLASS

  • Scientific Supervisor of B. Mouginot's Post-Doc (2012 - 2015)

Development of the fuel cycle dynamic simulation tool CLASS

  • Scientific Supervisor of B. Leniau's Post-Doc (2013 - 2016)

Development of reactor models for the fuel cycle dynamic simulation tool CLASS

  • Scientific Supervisor of more than 10 internships (2013 - 2019)

Reactor simulations with the codes MCNP and SMURE and scenario studies with the code CLASS

Education

Fundemental Physics

  • Ph.D - (2002 - 2005)

Theoretical and experimental nuclear physics. Mesure des sections efficaces de diffusion élastique des neutrons sur le carbone et le fluor dans le domaine épithermique sur la plate-forme PEREN. Université Joseph-Fourier - Grenoble I.

  • Postgraduate degree - (2001 - 2002)

Fundemental nuclear and particle physics. Université Claude Bernard Lyon I.

  • Master's Degree - (2000 - 2001)

Fundemental nuclear and particle physics. Université Claude Bernard Lyon I.

  • Bachelor’s Degree - (1999 - 2000)

Fundemental physics. Université Claude Bernard Lyon I.

  • Two-year university degree - (1997 - 1999)

Fundemental physics.  Université Claude Bernard Lyon I.

Economy

  • Bachelor’s Degree - (2017 - 2019)

Applied economics. University Jean Monnet, Campus de Sceaux, Paris Sud. Enseignement à Distance. 


Journal articles10 documents

  • A.-A. Zakari-Issoufou, X. Doligez, A. Somaini, Q. Hoarau, S. David, et al.. Americium mono-recycling in PWR: A step towards transmutation. Annals of Nuclear Energy, Elsevier Masson, 2017, 102, pp.220 - 230. ⟨10.1016/j.anucene.2016.12.004⟩. ⟨in2p3-01427447⟩
  • F. Courtin, B. Leniau, N. Thiollière, B. Mouginot, X. Doligez, et al.. Neutronic predictors for PWR fuelled with multi-recycled plutonium and applications with the fuel cycle simulation tool CLASS. Progress in Nuclear Energy, Elsevier, 2017, 100, pp.33-47. ⟨10.1016/j.pnucene.2017.04.018⟩. ⟨in2p3-01534704⟩
  • B. Leniau, B. Mouginot, N. Thiolliere, X. Doligez, A. Bidaud, et al.. A neural network approach for burn-up calculation and its application to the dynamic fuel cycle code CLASS. Annals of Nuclear Energy, Elsevier Masson, 2015, 81, pp.125-133. ⟨10.1016/j.anucene.2015.03.035⟩. ⟨in2p3-01158081⟩
  • M. Ernoult, S. David, X. Doligez, O. Meplan, B. Leniau, et al.. Advanced plutonium management in PWR, complementarity of thorium and uranium. Progress in Nuclear Energy, Elsevier, 2015, 78, pp.330-340. ⟨10.1016/j.pnucene.2014.09.012⟩. ⟨in2p3-01082648⟩
  • B. Mouginot, B. Leniau, N. Thiolliere, A. Bidaud, F. Courtin, et al.. MOX fuel enrichment prediction in PWR using polynomial models. Annals of Nuclear Energy, Elsevier Masson, 2015, 85, pp.812-819. ⟨10.1016/j.anucene.2015.06.038⟩. ⟨in2p3-01189018⟩
  • L. Zanini, U. Köster, J.C. David, Y. Tall, M. Andersson, et al.. Measurement of Volatile Radionuclides Production and Release Yields followed by a Post-Irradiation Analysis of a Pb/Bi Filled Ta Target at ISOLDE. Nuclear Data Sheets, Elsevier, 2014, 119, pp.292-295. ⟨10.1016/j.nds.2014.08.080⟩. ⟨hal-01082049⟩
  • Nicolas Thiollière, Luca Zanini, Jean-Christophe David, Jost Eikenberg, Arnaud Guertin, et al.. Gas Production in the MEGAPIE Spallation Target. Nuclear Science and Engineering, Academic Press, 2011, 169, pp.178-187. ⟨hal-01082307⟩
  • L. Zanini, S. Dementjev, F. Gröschel, W. Leung, R. Milenkovic, et al.. Experience from the post-test analysis of MEGAPIE. Journal of Nuclear Materials, Elsevier, 2011, 415, pp.367-377. ⟨10.1016/j.jnucmat.2011.04.037⟩. ⟨hal-01082337⟩
  • S.P. Chabod, J.-Ch. David, D. Ene, D. Ridikas, N. Thiollière. In-target radioactive nuclei production rates with EURISOL single-stage target configuration. European Physical Journal A, EDP Sciences, 2010, 45, pp.131-145. ⟨10.1140/epja/i2010-10989-7⟩. ⟨in2p3-00502954⟩
  • S. Boyer, D. Dassié, J.N. Wilson, M. Aïche, G. Barreau, et al.. Determination of the233Pa(n, gamma) capture cross section up to neutron energies of 1 MeV using the transfer reaction 232 ThHe, p234Pa. Nuclear Physics A, Elsevier, 2006, 775, pp.175-187. ⟨10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2006.06.013⟩. ⟨in2p3-00090134⟩

Conference papers15 documents

  • Rodica Loisel, Lionel Lemiale, Nicolas Thiollière, Xavier Doligez, Silvana Mima, et al.. Nuclear and renewables in deregulated markets. Nuclear fuel cycle cost estimates with cross-disciplinary modelling. 3rd technical workshop on fuel cycle simulation, Jul 2018, Paris, France. ⟨hal-01838422⟩
  • F. Casella, A. Bidaud, N. Thiollière. Economic Module Development for the Fuel Cycle Simulation Tool CLASS . ANS Annual Meeting, Jun 2017, San Francisco, United States. pp.187-189. ⟨in2p3-01573634⟩
  • A.-A. Zakari-Issoufou, X. Doligez, A. Somaini, M. Ernoult, S. David, et al.. Americium Early Transmutation in Thermal Reactors: An Option to a Better Nuclear Spent Fuel Management. International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP2017), Apr 2017, Kyoto, Japan. pp.17388. ⟨in2p3-01515189⟩
  • A. Somaini, S. David, X. Doligez, A.A. Zakari-Issoufou, A. Bidaud, et al.. The Impact of Reactor Model Simplification for Fuel Evolution: A Bias Quantification for Fuel Cycle Dynamic Simulations. 2016 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2016), Apr 2016, San Francisco, United States. pp.1045-1053. ⟨in2p3-01346740⟩
  • F.M. Alderete Tommasi, A. Bidaud, B. Mouginot, B. Leniau, N. Thiollière, et al.. Study of Argentinian and Brasilian Nuclear Symbiotic Scenarios using CLASS. International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2016), Apr 2016, San Francisco, United States. pp.2032-2039. ⟨in2p3-01347446⟩
  • Xavier Doligez, Sandra Bouneau, Sylvain David, Marc Ernoult, Abdoul-Aziz Zakari-Issoufou, et al.. Fundamentals of reactor physics with a view to the (possible) futures of nuclear energy. Séminaire Daniel Dautreppe « Demain l’énergie », Dec 2016, GRENOBLE France. pp.372 - 380, ⟨10.1016/j.crhy.2017.10.004⟩. ⟨in2p3-01664261⟩
  • N. Thiollière, F. Courtin, B. Leniau, B. Mouginot, X. Doligez, et al.. MgO effect on an ADS neutronic parameters. Nuclear Fuel Cycle for a Low-Carbon Future (GLOBAL 2015), Sep 2015, Paris, France. pp.625-630. ⟨in2p3-01247901⟩
  • B. Leniau, B. Mouginot, N. Thiollière, X. Doligez, A. Bidaud, et al.. Mean cross section prediction in PWR-MOX using neural network. Nuclear Fuel Cycle for a Low-Carbon Future (GLOBAL 2015), Sep 2015, Paris, France. pp.840-846. ⟨in2p3-01247904⟩
  • L. Zanini, U. Köster, J.C. David, Y. Tall, M. Andersson, et al.. Measurement of Volatile Radionuclides Production and Release Yields followed by a Post-Irradiation Analysis of a Pb/Bi Filled Ta Target at ISOLDE. International Conference on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology (ND2013), Mar 2013, New York, United States. pp.292-295, ⟨10.1016/j.nds.2014.08.080⟩. ⟨in2p3-01061739⟩
  • Arnaud Guertin, N. Thiollière, A. Cadou, J.M. Buhour, O. Batrak, et al.. XT-ADS windowless spallation target design and corresponding R&D topics. First International Workshop on Technology and Components of Accelerator-driven Systems, Mar 2010, Karksruhe, Germany. ⟨10.1787/9789264117297-en⟩. ⟨in2p3-00686848⟩
  • J.C. David, S. Chabod, D. Doré, D. Ene, B. Rapp, et al.. In-Target Yields forRadioactive Ion Beam (RIB) Production with EURISOL. International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Research Applications and Utilization of Accelerators (AccApp'09), May 2009, Vienna, Austria. pp.AT/RD-6. ⟨in2p3-00382014⟩
  • N. Thiollière. Gas production and activation calculation in MEGAPIE. 9th Technical Review Meeting MEGAPIE, Sep 2008, Aix-en-Provence, France. ⟨in2p3-00422055⟩
  • N. Thiolliere, J.-C. David, M. Eid, A. Yu. Konobeyev, J. Eikenberg, et al.. Gas production and activation calculation in MEGAPIE. International Conference on the Physics of Reactors - PHYSOR 2008, Sep 2008, Interlaken, Switzerland. ⟨in2p3-00326590⟩
  • S. Panebianco, K. Berg, J.-C. David, M. Eid, U. Filges, et al.. Neutronic characterization of the MEGAPIE target. International Conference on the Physics of Reactors - PHYSOR 2008, Sep 2008, Interlaken, Switzerland. pp.350-354, ⟨10.1016/j.anucene.2008.12.013⟩. ⟨in2p3-00326593⟩
  • N. Thiollière. Etude de neutronique dans le cadre du projet PEREN. Journées Jeunes Chercheurs, Nov 2003, La-Roche-en-Ardennes, France. pp.249-250. ⟨in2p3-00023797⟩

Book sections1 document

  • Stéphanie Tillement, Benoît Journé, Nicolas Thiollière, Baptiste Mouginot. Les échelles de temps des scénarios électronucléaires.. Le nucléaire au prisme du temps, 2014. ⟨halshs-02065382⟩

Reports1 document

  • M. Dierckx, J. Heyse, K. Rosseel, P. Schuurmans, K. van Tichelen, et al.. Final report on the feasibility of the XT-ADS spallation target. [Contract] EURATOM. 2010. ⟨hal-01084211⟩

Theses1 document

  • Nicolas Thiolliere. Mesure des sections efficaces de diffusion élastique des neutrons sur le carbone et le fluor dans le domaine épithermique sur la plate-forme PEREN. Physique Nucléaire Théorique [nucl-th]. Université Joseph-Fourier - Grenoble I, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00011285⟩