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Fiona Pichon

My research

I am a researcher in Archaeology, focusing on the emergence of the first farming societies in the Southwest Asia. My approach is based on the analysis of stone tools to define the interaction processes between technical innovations and social practices when the last groups of hunter-gatherers adopted a sedentary lifestyle and became food producers. I am one of the emerging researchers in use-wear analysis, trained by the world-renowned expert of the discipline (P. Anderson and S. Beyries, French CNRS). The approach I propose has been successfully carried out in my PhD thesis, funded by the Paris-Sorbonne University. For my academic formation, I gained a solid teaching experience in higher education in Archaeology (46 hours of lectures and 234 hours of tutorials at the Paris-Sorbonne University) for which I obtained my Qualification for the functions of Lecturer. 

During my first postdoctoral position at the Milà y Fontanals Institute (CSIC) in Spain under the supervision of J.J. Ibáñez (Fyssen Foundation grant), and afterwards at the Tsukuba University in Japan under the supervision of A. Tsuneki (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science grant), I studied various tool assemblages from different Neolithic sites across the Southwest Asia (Syria, Jordan, Iraq and Iran), dated between 10th and 6th millennia. Recently, I joined the international research ‘South-eastern Badia Archaeological Project’, working on the comparison between sedentary villages and the semi-nomadic hunters of the desert kites, in southern Jordan. Addressing these issues over a widespread area, in different archaeological settlements, I will be able to signify the particularities of these productions in a long-term perspective. My aim is to determine whether observed changes are related to an economic specialisation of sites, or to a chronological or cultural diversity.

In the coming years, with the MSCA-funded OBSTRADE project, I will investigate the role of the obsidian exchange networks in the transmission and spread of innovations during the transition to farming. For understanding obsidian trade, the project proposes an original, innovative, and interdisciplinary approach, by analysing Neolithic obsidian tool function and geographical distribution. I will develop, for the first time, a methodology for the study of obsidian tools using high-precision surface texture analysis through confocal Scanning Microscopy in collaboration with J.J. Ibáñez of the Archaeology of Social Dynamics Research group (IMF-CSIC). This work will allow to run a modelling on the use and exchange of obsidian in the SW Asia, by applying network analysis and agent-based modelling in collaboration with R. Toral (IFISC, Baleares University). In addition, I will continue exploring the mechanism of diffusion and adaptation of the Neolithic in the Fertile Crescent and its surroundings (Iran, Iraq, Kurdistan, Jordan, and Turkey).

Journal articles4 documents

  • Fiona Pichon, Juan José Ibáñez-Estevez, Patricia Anderson, Carolyne Douché, Éric Coqueugniot. Harvesting cereals at Dja’de el-Mughara in the northern Levant: New results through microtexture analysis of Early PPNB sickle gloss (11th millennium cal BP). Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, Elsevier, 2021, 36, pp.102807. ⟨10.1016/j.jasrep.2021.102807⟩. ⟨hal-03363363⟩
  • J. Giraud, J. Baldi, S. Bonilauri, M. Mashkour, M. Lemée, et al.. Human occupation along the foothills of Northwestern Zagros during the Late Pleistocene and the Holocene in the Rania and Peshdar plains First results of the French archaeological mission in the Governorate of Soulaimaniah (Iraqi Kurdistan).. Paléorient, CNRS, 2019, 45 (2), pp.85-119. ⟨hal-02610742⟩
  • Fiona Pichon, Carolyne Douché. Agricultural Strategies at Dja’de el-Mughara (Northern Syria). Routes de l'Orient, Paris: Association Routes de l'Orient, 2018. ⟨hal-03368403⟩
  • Fiona Pichon. Exploitation of the cereals during the Pre-pottery Neolithic of Dja'de-el-Mughara: Preliminary results of the functional study of the glossy blades. Quaternary International, Elsevier, 2017, 427, pp.138-151. ⟨10.1016/j.quaint.2016.01.064⟩. ⟨hal-03363371⟩

Conference papers12 documents

  • Fiona Pichon, Juan José IbaÑez. Farmer lifestyles in the north-eastern Iranian central plateau: new data through the functional analysis of harvesting tools from Tappeh Sang-e Chakhmaq (LPPNB-EPN). Revisiting the Hilly Flanks: the Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic periods in the eastern Fertile Crescent, Jun 2021, Copenhague, Denmark. ⟨hal-03368474⟩
  • Juan José IbaÑez, Patricia Anderson, Fiona Pichon, Niccolo Mazzucco. Exploring the variability of cereal harvesting gloss using confocal microscopy. Rock and Roll: 13th International Symposium on Knappable Materials, Oct 2021, Tarragona, Spain. ⟨hal-03368486⟩
  • Juan José IbaÑez, Patricia M. Anderson, Niccolo Mazzucco, Fiona Pichon. Plant harvesting Variability during the Neolithic analyzed through texture analysis of sickle gloss. 27th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists, Sep 2021, Kiel, Germany. ⟨hal-03368479⟩
  • Eric Coqueugniot, Fiona Pichon. The Late Bronze Age lithic industries of Ras Shamra-Ougarit: assesment, contextualization and new approaches — 40 years of renewed studies. Ougarit, 90 ans après, Nov 2019, Paris, France. ⟨hal-03368462⟩
  • Rémy Crassard, Juan Sanchez-Priego, Wael Abu-Azizeh, M. Tarawneh, Fiona Pichon. A Late PPNB lithic assemblage associated to kite hunters from Jibal al-Khashabiyeh, southeastern Jordan. 9th international conference on the PPN Chipped Ground Stone Industries of the Near East, Nov 2019, Tokyo, Japan. ⟨hal-03368470⟩
  • Frédéric Abbès, Fiona Pichon. Arrows and archery during the PPNB, an experimental approach: points production and use. 9th international conference on the PPN Chipped Ground Stone Industries of the Near East, Nov 2019, Tokyo, Japan. ⟨hal-03368464⟩
  • Juan José IbaÑez, Juan Francesco Gibaja, Fiona Pichon, Niccolo Mazzucco. Settlement patterns in the long term: Near Eastern origins of the European expansion model. 1st conference of the Early Neolithic of Europe (ENE), Nov 2019, Barcelona, Spain. ⟨hal-03368459⟩
  • Hala Alarashi, Fiona Pichon. Stone bead crafts in the Neolithic Near East: technological know-how and specialisation. 8.AWRANA: Beyond usewear traces: on tools and people, Jun 2018, Nice, France. ⟨hal-03368447⟩
  • Fiona Pichon. Usewear analysis of lithic tools from Dja'de-el-Mughara: Technical activities and cultural traditions during the Early PPNB in the Northern Levant. XVIIIth international congress of UISPP, Jun 2018, Paris, France. ⟨hal-03368450⟩
  • Hala Alarashi, Fiona Pichon. Stone bead crafts in the Neolithic Near East: technological Know-how and specialization. AWRANA, 2018, Nice, France. ⟨hal-02104179⟩
  • Juan José IbaÑez, Patricia Anderson, Jesus Emilio Gonzalez Urquijo, Juan Francesco Gibaja, Fiona Pichon. Investigating the Process of Cereal Domestication through Texture Analysis of Sickle Gloss. 8th international conference on the PPN Chipped Ground Stone Industries of the Near East, Nov 2016, Nicosie, Cyprus. ⟨hal-03368445⟩
  • Carolyne Douché, Fiona Pichon, Margareta Tengberg, Eric Coqueugniot. Agricultural strategies at Dja’de el-Mughara, northern Syria. From the Caucasus to the Arabian Peninsula: Studying domestic spaces in the Neolithic, Oct 2015, Paris, France. ⟨hal-02994225⟩

Poster communications3 documents

  • Fiona Pichon. Traces and function: the case of "ergot" blades and proximal notched blades, EPPNB, Dja'de el Mughara (Northern Levant). 9th international conference on the PPN Chipped Ground Stone Industries of the Near East, Nov 2019, Tokyo, Japan. ⟨hal-03368473⟩
  • Fiona Pichon, Juan José IbaÑez, Patricia Anderson, Jesus Emilio Gonzalez Urquijo, Juan Francesco Gibaja. Harvesting cereals at Dja'de el-Mughara (Syria, Early PPNB, 9th millenium): new results through microtexture analysis of sickle gloss. 7.XVIIIth international congress of UISPP, Jun 2018, Paris, France. ⟨hal-03368455⟩
  • Fiona Pichon. Exploitation of the Plant Environment during the Preceramic Neolithic of Dja’de: preliminary results of the functional study of the glossy blades. XVIIth international congress of UISPP, Sep 2014, Burgos, Spain. ⟨hal-03368437⟩

Book sections1 document

  • Fiona Pichon. Utilisation d’outils en silex pour l’exploitation alimentaire et artisanale des végétaux à Dja’de el-Mughara durant le PPNB ancien (Syrie, 9ème millénaire).. Astruc L., McCartney C., Briois F., Kassianidou L. Near Eastern Lithic Technologies on the move. Interactions and Contexts in the Neolithic Traditions, 150, 2019. ⟨hal-03368387⟩

Directions of work or proceedings1 document

  • Fiona Pichon, Carolyne Douché. Routes de l’Orient, Actes I, From the Caucasus to the Arabian Peninsula: Domestic Spaces in the Neolithic. From the Caucasus to the Arabian Peninsula: Domestic Spaces in the Neolithic, Paris, Collège de France, France. Routes de l'Orient, 2018. ⟨hal-03368412⟩

Other publications5 documents

  • Fiona Pichon, Frédéric Abbès. L’archerie préhistorique au Proche-Orient. Fabrication expérimentale de flèches néolithiques. Blog de la Fondation Fyssen, actualités de la recherche [En ligne]. 2019, ⟨hal-03368428⟩
  • Johnny Baldi, Fouad Hourani, Fiona Pichon. The LaPJob project team’s first time in the field at Tell Abu Habil (Jordan), ArchéOrient - Le Blog, 5 juillet 2019, [En ligne]. 2019, ⟨hal-03368424⟩
  • Fiona Pichon, Hala Alarashi. Sur les traces de savoir-faire anciens : la parure néolithique en pierre à l’épreuve de l’expérimentation. 2018. ⟨hal-02104176⟩
  • Fiona Pichon, Sonja Kačar. Pressure makes diamonds: le stage de taille de silex à Jalès (mai 2016), ArchéOrient - Le Blog, 8 juillet 2016, [En ligne]. 2016, ⟨hal-03368432⟩
  • Fiona Pichon. Une moisson expérimentale de céréales, Séranon (août 2016), ArchéOrient - Le Blog, 14 octobre 2016, [En ligne]. 2016, ⟨hal-03368429⟩

Reports1 document

  • Jessica Giraud, Marie-Aliette Pot, Mathilde Murat, Stéphanie Bonulari, Marjan Mashkour, et al.. Dynamiques territoriales en Mésopotamie du nord, du Paléolithique à l’époque modern. Rapport MAFGS 2018. 99p.. [Rapport de recherche] Ministère des Affaires étrangères et du développement international. 2018. ⟨hal-02407978⟩