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Researcher identifiers

Number of documents

65

Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Paléontologue, Paléomammalogiste, DR CNRS


Journal articles58 documents

  • Maxime Lasseron, Thomas Martin, Ronan Allain, Hamid Haddoumi, Nour-Eddine Jalil, et al.. An African Radiation of ‘Dryolestoidea’ (Donodontidae, Cladotheria) and its Significance for Mammalian Evolution. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, Springer Verlag, In press, ⟨10.1007/s10914-022-09613-9⟩. ⟨mnhn-03693015⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Dominique Teodori. An enigmatic specialized new eutherian mammal from the Late Cretaceous of Western Europe (Northern Pyrenees). Comptes Rendus Palevol, Elsevier, 2021, 20 (13). ⟨mnhn-02612030⟩
  • Lászlό Kocsis, Alex Ulianov, Mustapha Mouflih, Fatima Khaldoune, Emmanuel Gheerbrant. Geochemical investigation of the taphonomy, stratigraphy, and palaeoecology of the mammals from the Ouled Abdoun Basin (Paleocene-Eocene of Morocco). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Elsevier, In press, 577, pp.1-17. ⟨10.1016/j.palaeo.2021.110523⟩. ⟨hal-03269557⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Arnaud Schmitt, Guillaume Billet. Petrosal and bony labyrinth morphology of the stem paenungulate mammal (Paenungulatomorpha) Ocepeia daouiensis from the Paleocene of Morocco. Journal of Anatomy, Wiley, In press, ⟨10.1111/joa.13255⟩. ⟨mnhn-02626224⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Fatima Khaldoune, Arnaud Schmitt, Rodolphe Tabuce. Earliest Embrithopod Mammals (Afrotheria, Tethytheria) from the Early Eocene of Morocco: Anatomy, Systematics and Phylogenetic Significance. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, Springer Verlag, In press, ⟨10.1007/s10914-020-09509-6⟩. ⟨hal-03004226⟩
  • Maxime Lasseron, Ronan Allain, Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Hamid Haddoumi, Nour-Eddine Jalil, et al.. New data on the microvertebrate fauna from the Upper Jurassic or lowest Cretaceous of Ksar Metlili (Anoual Syncline, eastern Morocco). Geological Magazine, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2020, 157 (3), pp.367 - 392. ⟨10.1017/s0016756819000761⟩. ⟨insu-03004245⟩
  • Sara Chakir, Hamid Slimani, Touria Hssaida, Laszlo Kocsis, Emmanuel Gheerbrant, et al.. Dinoflagellate cyst evidence for the age, palaeoenvironment and paleoclimate of a new Cretaceous–Paleogene (K/Pg) boundary section at the Bou Angueur syncline, Middle Atlas, Morocco. Cretaceous Research, Elsevier, 2020, 106, pp.104219. ⟨10.1016/j.cretres.2019.104219⟩. ⟨mnhn-02364920⟩
  • Romain Vullo, Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Simon Beurel, Michaël Swajda, Didier Néraudeau. A stagodontid mammal from the mid-Cretaceous of France confirms the Euramerican distribution of early marsupialiforms. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Elsevier, 2020, 560, pp.110034. ⟨10.1016/j.palaeo.2020.110034⟩. ⟨insu-02957338⟩
  • Quentin Vautrin, Rodolphe Tabuce, Fabrice Lihoreau, Constance Bronnert, Emmanuel Gheerbrant, et al.. New remains of Lophiaspis maurettei (Mammalia, Perissodactyla) from the early Eocene of France and the implications for the origin of the Lophiodontidae. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, 2020, 40 (6), pp.e1878200. ⟨10.1080/02724634.2020.1878200⟩. ⟨hal-03432979⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant. Découverte dans le bassin à phosphates des Ouled Abdoun (Maroc) des plus anciens mammifères embrithopodes (Paenungulata, Tethytheria). Pangea infos, Société Géologique de France, 2019. ⟨mnhn-02611992⟩
  • Annelise Folie, Eric Buffetaut, Nathalie Bardet, Alexandra Houssaye, Emmanuel Gheerbrant, et al.. Paléobiologie et paléobiogéographie des amphibiens et reptiles : un hommage à Jean-Claude Rage – 1re partie. Comptes Rendus Palevol, Elsevier, 2019, 18 (7), pp.693-697. ⟨10.1016/j.crpv.2019.11.001⟩. ⟨hal-02451171⟩
  • Constance Bronnert, Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Marc Godinot, Grégoire Metais. First European ‘Isectolophidae’ (Mammalia, Perissodactyla): Chowliia europea , sp. nov., from the lower Eocene of Le Quesnoy, France. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, 2019, 38 (4), pp.(1)-(9). ⟨10.1080/02724634.2018.1487448⟩. ⟨mnhn-02364887⟩
  • Romain Vullo, Nathalie Bardet, Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Nour-Eddine Jalil. Multicuspid tooth morphology in a gigantic Palaeocene pycnodont fish: evolutionary and palaeoecological significance. Geological Magazine, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2019, 156 (9), pp.1618-1622. ⟨10.1017/S0016756819000736⟩. ⟨insu-02179055⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Arnaud Schmitt, László Kocsis. Early African Fossils Elucidate the Origin of Embrithopod Mammals. Current Biology - CB, Elsevier, 2018, 28 (13), pp.2167 - 2173.e2. ⟨10.1016/j.cub.2018.05.032⟩. ⟨hal-01845698⟩
  • Nathalie Bardet, Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Abdelmajid Noubhani, Henri Cappetta, Stéphane Jouve, et al.. Les Vertébrés des phosphates crétacés-paléogènes (72,1-47,8 Ma) du Maroc. Mémoires de la Société Géologique de France, Société Géologique de France, 2017, Paléontologie des vertébrés du Maroc : état des connaissances, t.180. ⟨hal-01953881⟩
  • Romain Vullo, Lionel Cavin, Bouziane Khalloufi, Mbarek Amaghzaz, Nathalie Bardet, et al.. A unique Cretaceous–Paleogene lineage of piranha-jawed pycnodont fishes. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2017, 7 (1), pp.6802. ⟨10.1038/s41598-017-06792-x⟩. ⟨insu-01574663⟩
  • Rodolphe Tabuce, Erik Seiffert, Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Léanie Alloing-Séguier, Wighart von Koenigswald. Tooth Enamel Microstructure of Living and Extinct Hyracoids Reveals Unique Enamel Types Among Mammals. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, Springer Verlag, 2017, 24 (1), pp.91-110. ⟨10.1007/s10914-015-9317-6⟩. ⟨hal-03101317⟩
  • Lászlό Kocsis, Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Mustapha Mouflih, Henri Cappetta, Alex Ulianov, et al.. Gradual changes in upwelled seawater conditions (redox, pH) from the late Cretaceous through early Paleogene at the northwest coast of Africa: Negative Ce anomaly trend recorded in fossil bio-apatite. Chemical Geology, Elsevier, 2016, 421, pp.44-54. ⟨10.1016/j.chemgeo.2015.12.001⟩. ⟨mnhn-02264875⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Andrea Filippo, Arnaud Schmitt. Convergence of Afrotherian and Laurasiatherian Ungulate-Like Mammals: First Morphological Evidence from the Paleocene of Morocco. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2016, 11 (7), pp.e0157556. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0157556⟩. ⟨hal-01360173⟩
  • Hamid Haddoumi, Ronan Allain, Saïd Meslouh, Grégoire Metais, Michel Monbaron, et al.. Guelb el Ahmar (Bathonian, Anoual Syncline, eastern Morocco): First continental flora and fauna including mammals from the Middle Jurassic of Africa. Gondwana Research, Elsevier, 2016, 29 (1), pp.290-319. ⟨10.1016/j.gr.2014.12.004⟩. ⟨insu-01163723⟩
  • X. Pereda-Suberbiola, J.C. Corral, H. Astibia, A. Badiola, N. Bardet, et al.. Late Cretaceous continental and marine vertebrate assemblages of the Laño Quarry (Basque-Cantabrian Region, Iberian Peninsula): an update. Journal of Iberian Geology, Springer Verlag, 2015, 41 (1), pp.101-124. ⟨10.5209/rev_JIGE.2015.v41.n1.48658⟩. ⟨hal-03026123⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Mbarek Amaghzaz, Baâdi Bouya, Florent Goussard, Charlène Letenneur. Ocepeia (Middle Paleocene of Morocco): the Oldest Skull of an Afrotherian Mammal. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2014, 9 (2), pp.e89739. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0089739⟩. ⟨mnhn-02264867⟩
  • Johan Yans, M'Barek Amaghzaz, Baâdi Bouya, Henri Cappetta, Paola Iacumin, et al.. First carbon isotope chemostratigraphy of the Ouled Abdoun phosphate Basin, Morocco; implications for dating and evolution of earliest African placental mammals. Gondwana Research, Elsevier, 2014, 25 (1), pp.257-269. ⟨10.1016/j.gr.2013.04.004⟩. ⟨mnhn-02264877⟩
  • Lászlό Kocsis, Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Mustapha Mouflih, Henri Cappetta, Johan Yans, et al.. Comprehensive stable isotope investigation of marine biogenic apatite from the late Cretaceous–early Eocene phosphate series of Morocco. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Elsevier, 2014, 394, pp.74-88. ⟨10.1016/j.palaeo.2013.11.002⟩. ⟨hal-03027393⟩
  • J. Cosmidis, K. Benzerara, E. Gheerbrant, I. Esteve, B. Bouya, et al.. Nanometer-scale characterization of exceptionally preserved bacterial fossils in Paleocene phosphorites from Ouled Abdoun (Morocco). Geobiology, Wiley, 2013, 11, pp.139-153. ⟨10.1111/gbi.12022⟩. ⟨hal-00788740⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Humberto Astibia. Addition to the Late Cretaceous Laño mammal faunule (Spain) and to the knowledge of European "Zhelestidae" (Lainodontinae nov.). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, Société géologique de France, 2012, ⟨10.2113/gssgfbull.183.6.537⟩. ⟨mnhn-02264818⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant. Origine et diversification des mammifères modernes. ESpèces - Revue d’Histoire naturelle , Kyrnos publications, 2012, pp.22-26. ⟨mnhn-02264836⟩
  • F. Solé, E. Gheerbrant, M. Godinot. New data on the Oxyaenidae from the Early Eocene of Europe; biostratigraphic, paleobiogeographic and paleoecologic implications. Palaeontologia Electronica, Coquina Press, 2011, 14 (2), pp.41. ⟨hal-00629654⟩
  • A. Goswami, G.V.R. Prasad, P. Upchurch, D.M. Boyer, E. Gheerbrant, et al.. A radiation or arboreal eutherian mammals beginning in the Late Cretaceous of India.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, National Academy of Sciences, 2011, 108, pp.16333-16338. ⟨hal-00721309⟩
  • D. Visset, E. Gheerbrant, P. Tassy. The earliest skull. With a word on Hezy Shoshani.. Quaternaire, AFEQ-CNF INQUA, 2010, HS3, pp.30-31. ⟨hal-00552900⟩
  • G.V.R. Prasad, O. Verma, E. Gheerbrant, A. Goswami, A. Khosla, et al.. First mammal evidence from the late Cretaceous of India for biotic dispersal between India and Africa at the KT transition.. Comptes Rendus Palevol, Elsevier, 2010, 9, pp.63-71. ⟨hal-00629320⟩
  • E. Gheerbrant, P. Tassy. L'origine et l'évolution des éléphants.. Comptes Rendus Palevol, Elsevier, 2009, 8 (23), pp.281-294. ⟨hal-00548770⟩
  • Jean-Pierre Gély, J. Lorenz, D. Merle, Françoise Bergerat, A. Blanc, et al.. Le lutétien. Géochronique, Bureau de recherches géologiques et minières, 2009, 109, pp.15-47. ⟨hal-00687998⟩
  • Romain Vullo, E. Gheerbrant, Chri Muizon, Didier Neraudeau. The oldest modern therian mammal from Europe and its bearing on stem marsupial paleobiogeography. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, National Academy of Sciences, 2009, 106 (47), pp.19910-19915. ⟨10.1073/pnas.0902940106⟩. ⟨insu-00562467⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant. Paleocene emergence of elephant relatives and the rapid radiation of African ungulates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, National Academy of Sciences, 2009, 106 (26), pp.10717-10721. ⟨10.1073/pnas.0900251106⟩. ⟨mnhn-02264831⟩
  • F. Solé, E. Gheerbrant, M. Amaghzaz, B. Bouya. Further evidence of the African antiquity of hyaenodontid ("Creodonta", Mammalia) evolution.. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, Linnean Society of London, 2009, 156 (4), pp.827-846. ⟨hal-00549515⟩
  • R. Vullo, E. Gheerbrant, C. de Muizon, D. Néraudeau. The oldest modern therian mammal from Europe and its bearing on stem marsupial paleobiogeography.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, National Academy of Sciences, 2009, 106 (47), pp.19910-19915. ⟨hal-00549961⟩
  • R. Tabuce, C. Delmer, E. Gheerbrant. Evolution of the tooth enamel microstructure in the earliest proboscideans (Mammalia).. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, Linnean Society of London, 2007, 149 (4), pp.611-628. ⟨hal-00200829⟩
  • E. Gheerbrant, S. Peigné, E. Thomas. Première description du squelette d'un Mammifère Hyracoïde du Paléogène : Saghatherium antiquum de l'Oligocène inférieur de Jebel al Hasawnah, Libye.. Palaeontographica A, E Schweizerbart Science Publishers, 2007, 279, pp.93-145. ⟨hal-00200081⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Jean-Claude Rage. Paleobiogeography of Africa: How distinct from Gondwana and Laurasia?. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Elsevier, 2006, 241 (2), pp.224-246. ⟨10.1016/j.palaeo.2006.03.016⟩. ⟨mnhn-02264813⟩
  • E. Gheerbrant, M. Iarochene, M. Amaghzaz, B. Bouya. Early African hyaenodontid mammals and their bearing on the origin of the Creodonta. Geological Magazine.. Geological Magazine, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2006, 143(4), pp.475-489. ⟨hal-00118905⟩
  • J. Gaudant, V. Codrea, P. Dica, E. Gheerbrant. Présence du genre Cyclurus Agassiz (Poisson actinoptérygien, Amiidae) dans le Paléocène supérieur de Jibou (Transylvanie, Roumanie).. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie - Abhandlungen, E Schweizerbart Science Publishers, 2005, 10, pp.631-640. ⟨hal-00019291⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Jean Sudre, Pascal Tassy, Mbarek Amaghzaz, Baâdi Bouya. Nouvelles données sur Phosphatherium escuilliei (Mammalia, Proboscidea) de l'Éocène inférieur du Maroc, apports à la phylogénie des Proboscidea et des ongulés lophodontes. Geodiversitas, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle Paris, 2005, 27 (2), pp.239-333. ⟨mnhn-02264853⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Kenneth D Rose, Marc Godinot. First palaeanodont (?pholidotan) mammal from the Eocene of Europe. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Instytut Paleobiologii, 2005, 50 (2), pp.209-218. ⟨mnhn-02264872⟩
  • E. Thomas, E. Gheerbrant, J.-M. Pacaud. Découverte de squelettes subcomplets de mammifères dans le Paléogene d'Afrique (Libye).. Comptes Rendus Palevol, Elsevier, 2004, 3, pp.209-218. ⟨hal-00023038⟩
  • Herbert Thomas, Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Jean-Michel Pacaud. Discovery of subcomplete skeletons of mammals (Hyracoidea) in the Palaeogene of Africa (Libya).. Comptes Rendus Palevol, Elsevier, 2004, 3 (3), pp.209-217. ⟨10.1016/j.crpv.2003.12.004⟩. ⟨mnhn-02264876⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Jean Sudre, Henri Cappetta, Cécile Mourer-Chauviré, Estelle Bourdon, et al.. Les mammifères des carrières de Grand Daoui, bassin des Ouled Abdoun, Maroc, Ypresian: un premier état des lieux. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, Société géologique de France, 2003, 174, pp.279 - 293. ⟨mnhn-02264848⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Jean Sudre, Henri Cappetta, Mohamed Iarochène, Mbarek Amaghzaz, et al.. A new large mammal from the Ypresian of Morocco: Evidence of surprising diversity of early proboscideans. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Instytut Paleobiologii, 2002, 47 (3), pp.493-506. ⟨mnhn-02264846⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Jean-Louis Hartenberger. Nouveau mammifere insectivore (?Lipotyphla, ?Erinaceomorpha) de l'Eocène inférieur de Chambi (Tunisie). Paläontologische Zeitschrift, Springer, 1999, ⟨10.1007/BF02987988⟩. ⟨mnhn-02264820⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant, V. Codrea, Hosu Alexandru, Sevket Sen, C. Guernet. Découverte en Transylvanie (Roumanie) de gisements à vertébrés dans les Calcaires de Rona (Thanétien ou Sparnacien) : les plus anciens mammifères cénozoïques d'Europe Orientale.. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, Springer Verlag, 1999. ⟨mnhn-02264843⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Jean Sudre, Henri Cappetta, Gérard Bignot. PHOSPHATHERIUM ESCUILLIEI DU THANETIEN DU BASSIN DES OULED ABDOUN (MAROC), PLUS ANCIEN PROBOSCIDIEN (MAMMALIA) D'AFRIQUE. Geobios, Elsevier, 1998, 31 (2), pp.247-269. ⟨mnhn-02264840⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Jean Sudre, Sevket Sen, Claude Abrial, B. Marandat, et al.. NOUVELLES DONNEES SUR LES MAMMIFERES DU THANETIEN ET DE L'YPRESIEN DU BASSIN D'OUARZAZATE (MAROC) ET LEUR CONTEXTE STRATIGRAPHIQUE. Palaeovertebrata, Association Palaeovertebrata., 1998, 27 (3-4), pp.155-202. ⟨mnhn-02264873⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Jean Sudre, Henri Cappetta. A Palaeocene proboscidean from Morocco. Nature, Nature Publishing Group, 1996, 383, pp.68-70. ⟨10.1038/383068a0⟩. ⟨mnhn-02264839⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Herbert Thomas, Sevket Sen, Zaher Al-Sulaimani. Nouveau Primate Oligopithecinae (Simiiformes) de l'Oligocène inférieur de Taqah, Sultanat d'Oman. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences Serie II, Gauthier-Villars, 1995. ⟨mnhn-02264871⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant. Les mammifères paléocènes du Bassin d'Ouarzazate (Maroc). III. Adapisoriculidae et autres mammifères (Carnivora,? Creodonta, Condylarthra,? Ungulata et incertae sedis). Palaeontographica A, E Schweizerbart Science Publishers, 1995, 237, 1-4, pp.39-132. ⟨mnhn-01456292⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant. Bustylus (Eutheria, Adapisoriculidae) and the absence of ascertained marsupials in the Palaeocene of Europe. Terra Nova, Wiley-Blackwell, 1991, ⟨10.1111/j.1365-3121.1991.tb00200.x⟩. ⟨mnhn-02264830⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Donald E Russell. Presence of the genus Afrodon [Mammalia, Lipotyphla (?), Adapisoriculidae] in Europe; new data for the problem of trans-Tethyan relations between Africa and Europe around the K/T boundary. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Elsevier, 1989, 76, pp.1 - 15. ⟨10.1016/0031-0182(89)90099-0⟩. ⟨mnhn-02264821⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant. Afrodon chleuhi nov. gen., nov. sp., "insectivore" (Mammalia, Eutheria) lipotyphlé (?) du Paléocène marocain : données préliminaires. Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences. Série IIa, Sciences de la terre et des planètes, Elsevier, 1988. ⟨mnhn-02264823⟩

Conference papers2 documents

  • Johan Yans, Corentin Noiret, Rodolphe Tabuce, Bernard Marandat, Laurent Marivaux, et al.. New insights, biases and limits of long-term chemostratigraphy (organic carbon isotopes) on the age of mammals during the Paleogene. PalEurAfrica congress: “Evolution and Paleoenvironment of Early Modern Vertebrates during the Paleogene”, Sep 2019, Brussels, Belgium. pp.57. ⟨hal-02291195⟩
  • Johan Yans, Corentin Noiret, Rodolphe Tabuce, Bernard Marandat, Laurent Marivaux, et al.. Apports de la chémostratigraphie « long-terme » (isotopes stables du carbone sur la matière organique) à la datation de mammifères durant le Paléogène. Congrès Association Paléontologique Française (APF) 2019 : « 25 ans de la Réserve Naturelle de Sainte-Victoire », Apr 2019, Aix-en-Provence, France. pp.84. ⟨hal-02291185⟩

Book sections5 documents

  • Jean Claude Rage, Emmanuel Gheerbrant. Island Africa and vertebrate evolution: a review of data and working hypotheses. Prasad, G.V.R.; Patnaik, R. Biological consequences of Plate tectonics: New perspectives on Post-Gondwana break-up. A tribute to Ashok Sahni, Springer Nature, In press, Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology Book Series. ⟨mnhn-03026141⟩
  • Thomas J.D. Hallidays, Patricia A Holroyd, Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Agustin Scanferla, Richard Beck, et al.. Leaving Gondwana: The Changing Position of the Indian Subcontinent in the Global Faunal Network. Prasad, GVR; Patnaik, R. Biological consequences of Plate tectonics: New perspectives on Post-Gondwana break-up. - A Tribute to Ashok Sahni,, pp.227-249, 2020, Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology Book Series, ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-49753-8_9⟩. ⟨mnhn-03028807⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant, Henri Cappetta, F. de Lapparent de Broin, Jean Claude Rage, Rodolphe Tabuce. Les faunes de vertébrés marins et terrestres du Paléogène du Bassin d'Ouarzazate, Maroc. Samir Zouhri. Paléontologie des Vertébrés du Maroc: état des connaissances., Société Géologique de France, pp.485-525, 2017, Mémoires de la société géologique de France, 978-2853630993. ⟨mnhn-02264868⟩
  • Emmanuel Gheerbrant. Primitive Ungulates ("Condylarthra" and Stem Paenungulata). Lars Werdelin; William Joseph Sanders. Cenozoic Mammals of Africa, University of California Press, pp.563-571, 2010, 9780520257214. ⟨mnhn-02264834⟩
  • E. Gheerbrant, P. Tassy, D.P. Domning. Paenungulata (Sirenia, Proboscidea, Hyracoidea).. Rose K.D. & Archibald J.D. The Rise of Placental Mammals: Origins and Relationships of the Major Extant Clades, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, pp.84-105, 2005. ⟨hal-00020848⟩