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Elodie Merlot


 

Elodie Merlot (agronomist, PhD, HDR) is a research scientist from INRAE, the French national institute for research in agriculture, nutrition and environment. After her agricultural engineer studies and PhD, Elodie started to work at INRAE from 2004, with a focus on animal welfare and health. Following the idea that physiological and mental states constantly influence each other, she studies how the physical and social living environment of farm animals as well as rearing practices influence animals’ physiology, an especially their immune function. She worked on prenatal stress, social stress and environmental enrichment in pigs, and has recently started to develop projects targeting problems specific to organic production. Currently, Elodie is managing a research team of ten people at INRAE, whose scientific objectives are to investigate the multifaceted (nutritional, endocrine, immune and behavioral) responses developed by the pigs to maintain their homeostasis in a changing environment. The applied aim is to propose new rearing practices that should contribute to promote animal health and welfare in an agro-ecology perspective.

 


Journal articles48 documents

  • Helene Quesnel, Marie-Christine Pere, Isabelle Louveau, Louis Lefaucheur, Marie-Hélène Perruchot, et al.. Sow environment during gestation. Part II. Influence on piglet physiology and tissue maturity at birth. animal, Published by Elsevier (since 2021) / Cambridge University Press (until 2020), 2019, 13 (7), pp.1440-1447. ⟨10.1017/S1751731118003087⟩. ⟨hal-02627597⟩
  • Elodie Merlot, Hélène Pastorelli, Armelle Prunier, Marie-Christine Pere, Isabelle Louveau, et al.. Sow environment during gestation. Part I. Influence on maternal physiology and lacteal secretions in relation with neonatal survival. animal, Published by Elsevier (since 2021) / Cambridge University Press (until 2020), 2019, 13 (7), pp.1432-1439. ⟨10.1017/S1751731118002987⟩. ⟨hal-02627801⟩
  • Helene Quesnel, Benoît Peuteman, Marie-Christine Pere, Isabelle Louveau, Louis Lefaucheur, et al.. Effect of environmental enrichment with wood materials and straw pellets on the metabolic status of sows during gestation. Livestock Science, Elsevier, 2019, 229, pp.43-48. ⟨10.1016/j.livsci.2019.09.005⟩. ⟨hal-02319388⟩
  • Paulo Henrique Reis Furtado Campos, Elodie Merlot, David Renaudeau, Jean Noblet, Nathalie Le Floc'H. Postprandial insulin and nutrient concentrations in lipopolysaccharide-challenged growing pigs reared in thermoneutral and high ambient temperatures. Journal of Animal Science, American Society of Animal Science, 2019, 97 (8), pp.3354-3368. ⟨10.1093/jas/skz204⟩. ⟨hal-02263854⟩
  • Kamil Sierzant, Marie-Hélène Perruchot, Elodie Merlot, Nathalie Le Floc'H, Florence Gondret. Tissue-specific responses of antioxidant pathways to poor hygiene conditions in growing pigs divergently selected for feed efficiency. BMC Veterinary Research, BioMed Central, 2019, sous presse (sous presse), sous presse. ⟨10.1186/s12917-019-2107-2⟩. ⟨hal-02299669⟩
  • Helene Quesnel, Catherine Calvar, Marie-Christine Meunier-Salaün, Elodie Merlot, Fabrice Robert, et al.. Un milieu enrichi pour les gestantes améliore la survie des porcelets. Réussir Porcs, 2018, 259, pp.24-25. ⟨hal-02628256⟩
  • Arnaud Buchet, Catherine Belloc, Mily Leblanc-Maridor, Elodie Merlot. Effects of age and weaning conditions on blood indicators of oxidative status in pigs. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2017, 12 (5), pp.e0178487. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0178487⟩. ⟨hal-01602667⟩
  • Hélène Gilbert, Yvon Billon, Ludovic Brossard, Justine Faure, Philippe Gatellier, et al.. Sélection pour la consommation alimentaire moyenne journalière résiduelle chez le porc : impacts sur les caractères et défis pour la filière. INRA Productions Animales, Paris: INRA, 2017, 30 (5), pp.439-453. ⟨10.20870/productions-animales.2017.30.5.2274⟩. ⟨hal-02629240⟩
  • Alexandra Chatelet, Florence Gondret, Elodie Merlot, Hélène Gilbert, Nicolas Friggens, et al.. Impact of hygiene of housing conditions on performance and health of two pig genetic lines divergent for residual feed intake. animal, Published by Elsevier (since 2021) / Cambridge University Press (until 2020), 2017, 12 (2), pp.350-358. ⟨10.1017/S1751731117001379⟩. ⟨hal-01552145⟩
  • Hélène Gilbert, Yvon Billon, Ludovic Brossard, Justine Faure, Philippe Gatellier, et al.. Review. Divergent selection for residual feed intake in the growing pig. animal, Published by Elsevier (since 2021) / Cambridge University Press (until 2020), 2017, 11 (9), pp.1427-1439. ⟨10.1017/S175173111600286X⟩. ⟨hal-01547532⟩
  • Elodie Merlot, Catherine Calvar, Armelle Prunier. Influence of the housing environment during gestation on maternal health, offspring immunity and survival. Animal Production Science, 2017, 57 (8), pp.1751-1758. ⟨10.1071/AN15480⟩. ⟨hal-01455913⟩
  • Tereza Kubasova, Lenka Davidova-Gerzova, Elodie Merlot, Matej Medvecky, Ondrej Polansky, et al.. Housing systems influence gut microbiota composition of sows but not of their piglets. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2017, 12 (1), pp.e0170051. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0170051⟩. ⟨hal-01594935⟩
  • Colette Désert, Elodie Merlot, Tatiana Zerjal, Bertrand Bed'Hom, Sonja Härtle, et al.. Transcriptomes of whole blood and PBMC in chickens. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part D: Genomics and Proteomics, Elsevier, 2016, 20, pp.1-9. ⟨10.1016/j.cbd.2016.06.008⟩. ⟨hal-01341819⟩
  • Elodie Merlot, Hélène Gilbert, Nathalie Le Floc'H. Metabolic response to an inflammatory challenge in pigs divergently selected for residual feed intake. Journal of Animal Science, American Society of Animal Science, 2016, 94 (2), pp.563-573. ⟨10.2527/jas.2015-9445⟩. ⟨hal-02634451⟩
  • Elodie Merlot, Helene Quesnel, Armelle Prunier. Conséquences du stress maternel pendant la gestation sur l'immunité et la santé des nouveau-nés en élevage. INRA Productions Animales, Paris: INRA, 2015, 28 (4), pp.283-294. ⟨10.20870/productions-animales.2015.28.4.3033⟩. ⟨hal-02636471⟩
  • Catherine Larzul, Elena Terenina, Aline Foury, Yvon Billon, Isabelle Louveau, et al.. The cortisol response to ACTH in pigs, heritability and influence of corticosteroid-binding globulin. animal, Published by Elsevier (since 2021) / Cambridge University Press (until 2020), 2015, 9 (12), pp.1929-1934. ⟨10.1017/S1751731115001767⟩. ⟨hal-02635072⟩
  • Helene Quesnel, Florence Gondret, Elodie Merlot, Chantal Farmer. Influences maternelles sur la consommation de colostrum et la survie néonatale du porcelet. INRA Productions Animales, Paris: INRA, 2015, 28 (4), pp.295-304. ⟨10.20870/productions-animales.2015.28.4.3034⟩. ⟨hal-02636061⟩
  • Séverine Parois, Armelle Prunier, Marie-Jose Mercat, Elodie Merlot, Catherine Larzul. Genetic relationships between measures of sexual development, boar taint, health and aggressiveness in pigs. Journal of Animal Science, American Society of Animal Science, 2015, 93 (8), ⟨10.2527/jas2014-8290⟩. ⟨hal-01210985⟩
  • Nathalie Le Floc'H-Burban, Christelle Knudsen, Thierry Gidenne, Lucile Montagne, Elodie Merlot, et al.. Impact of feed restriction on health, digestion and faecal microbiota of growing pigs housed in good or poor hygiene conditions. animal, Published by Elsevier (since 2021) / Cambridge University Press (until 2020), 2014, 8 (10), pp.1632-1642. ⟨10.1017/S1751731114001608⟩. ⟨hal-01210641⟩
  • Caroline Leclercq, Armelle Prunier, Francoise Thomas, Elodie Merlot. Neonatal surgical castration of male pigs reduces thymic growth but has moderate consequences on thymocytes. Journal of Animal Science, American Society of Animal Science, 2014, 92 (6), pp.2415-2421. ⟨10.2527/jas.2013-7202⟩. ⟨hal-01455871⟩
  • Damian Escribano Tortosa, Paulo Henrique Reis Furtado Campos, Nathalie Le Floc'H-Burban, A. M. Gutierrez, J. J. Ceron, et al.. Effect of repeated administration of lipopolysaccharide on inflammatory and stress markers in saliva of growing pigs. Veterinary Journal, Elsevier, 2014, 200 (3), pp.393-397. ⟨10.1016/j.tvjl.2014.04.007⟩. ⟨hal-01210575⟩
  • Nathalie Le Floc'H-Burban, Céline Deblanc, Roland Cariolet, Anne Gautier-Bouchardon, Elodie Merlot, et al.. Effect of feed restriction on performance and postprandial nutrient metabolism in co-infected pigs with Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and swine influenza virus. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2014, 9 (8), pp.e104605. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0104605⟩. ⟨hal-01210640⟩
  • Caroline Leclercq, Armelle Prunier, Elodie Merlot. Effects of neonatal surgical castration and immunocastration in male pigs on blood T lymphocytes and health markers. animal, Published by Elsevier (since 2021) / Cambridge University Press (until 2020), 2014, 8 (5), pp.836-843. ⟨10.1017/S1751731114000445⟩. ⟨hal-02634076⟩
  • Paulo Henrique Reis Furtado Campos, Elodie Merlot, Marie Damon, Jean Noblet, Nathalie Le Floc'H-Burban. High ambient temperature alleviates inflammatory response and growth depression in pigs challenged with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide. Veterinary Journal, Elsevier, 2014, 200 (3), pp.404-409. ⟨10.1016/j.tvjl.2014.04.001⟩. ⟨hal-01210573⟩
  • Elodie Merlot, Francoise Thomas, Armelle Prunier. Comparison of immune and health markers in intact and neonatally castrated male pigs. Veterinary Record, BMJ Publishing Group, 2013, 173 (13), ⟨10.1136/vr.101667⟩. ⟨hal-01210493⟩
  • Armelle Prunier, Armelle Brillouët, Elodie Merlot, Marie-Christine Salaun, Céline Tallet-Saighi. Influence of housing and season on pubertal development, boar taint compounds and skin lesions of male pigs. animal, Published by Elsevier (since 2021) / Cambridge University Press (until 2020), 2013, 7 (12), pp.2035-2043. ⟨10.1017/S1751731113001596⟩. ⟨hal-01210497⟩
  • Elodie Merlot, Helene Quesnel, Armelle Prunier. Prenatal stress, immunity and neonatal health in farm animal species. animal, Published by Elsevier (since 2021) / Cambridge University Press (until 2020), 2013, 7 (12), pp.2016-2025. ⟨10.1017/S175173111300147X⟩. ⟨hal-01482813⟩
  • H. Pastorelli, N. Le Floc'H, Elodie Merlot, Mc. Meunier-Salaun, Jaap van Milgen, et al.. Sanitary housing conditions modify the performance and behavioural response of weaned pigs to feed- and housing-related stressors. animal, Published by Elsevier (since 2021) / Cambridge University Press (until 2020), 2012, 6 (11), pp.1811-1820. ⟨10.1017/S1751731112001231⟩. ⟨hal-00841107⟩
  • H. Pastorelli, N. Le Floc'H, Elodie Merlot, Mc. Meunier-Salaun, Jaap van Milgen, et al.. Feed restriction applied after weaning has different effects on pig performance and health depending on the sanitary conditions. Journal of Animal Science, American Society of Animal Science, 2012, 90 (13), pp.4866-4875. ⟨10.2527/jas.2012-5309⟩. ⟨hal-00841108⟩
  • Elodie Merlot, Annie Vincent, Francoise Thomas, Marie-Christine Salaun, Marie Damon, et al.. Health and immune traits of Basque and Large White pigs housed in a conventional or enriched environment. animal, Published by Elsevier (since 2021) / Cambridge University Press (until 2020), 2012, 6 (8), pp.1290-1299. ⟨10.1017/S1751731112000080⟩. ⟨hal-01210321⟩
  • Marie-Estelle Caille, Elodie Merlot. Stress et immunité. Un équilibre complexe. TerrAgricoles de Bretagne, 2012, pp.40-41. ⟨hal-01210291⟩
  • Elodie Merlot, Anne-Marie Mounier, Armelle Prunier. Endocrine response of gilts to various common stressors: a comparison of indicators and methods of analyses. Physiology and Behavior, Elsevier, 2011, 102 (3-4), pp.259-265. ⟨10.1016/j.physbeh.2010.11.009⟩. ⟨hal-02652413⟩
  • Nathalie Le Floc'H, Winfried Otten, Elodie Merlot. Tryptophan metabolism, from nutrition to potential therapeutic applications. Amino Acids, Springer Verlag, 2011, 41 (5), pp.1195-1205. ⟨10.1007/s00726-010-0752-7⟩. ⟨hal-02649172⟩
  • I.M. Brunborg, Caroline Fossum, Bjørn Lium, Gunilla Blomqvist, Elodie Merlot, et al.. Dynamics of serum antibodies to and load of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) in pigs in three finishing herds, affected or not by postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, BioMed Central, 2010, 52 (22), 10 p. ⟨10.1186/1751-0147-52-22⟩. ⟨hal-02660449⟩
  • Wilfred Otten, E. Kanitz, David Couret, Isabelle Veissier, Armelle Prunier, et al.. Maternal social stress during late pregnancy affects hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal function and brain neurotransmitter systems in pig offspring. Domestic Animal Endocrinology, Elsevier, 2010, 38 (3), pp.146-156. ⟨10.1016/j.domaniend.2009.09.002⟩. ⟨hal-02664397⟩
  • Jean-Yves Dourmad, Laurianne Canario, Hélène Gilbert, Elodie Merlot, Helene Quesnel, et al.. Evolution des performances et de la robustesse des animaux en élevage porcin. INRA Productions Animales, Paris: INRA, 2010, 23 (1), pp.53-64. ⟨hal-01193586⟩
  • David Couret, Armelle Prunier, Anne-Marie Mounier, Francoise Thomas, Isabelle Oswald, et al.. Comparative effects of a prenatal stress occurring during early or late gestation on pig immune response. Physiology and Behavior, Elsevier, 2009, 98 (4), pp.498-504. ⟨10.1016/j.physbeh.2009.08.003⟩. ⟨hal-02663671⟩
  • David Couret, Agnès Jamin, Gaëlle Kuntz-Simon, Armelle Prunier, Elodie Merlot. Maternal stress during late gestation has moderate but long lasting effects on the immune system of the piglets. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, Elsevier, 2009, 131 (1-2), pp.17-24. ⟨10.1016/j.vetimm.2009.03.003⟩. ⟨hal-02662042⟩
  • Sirje Timmusk, Elodie Merlot, Tanja Lövgren, Lilian Järvekülg, Mikael Berg, et al.. Regulator of G protein signalling 16 is a target for a porcine circovirus type 2 protein. Journal of General Virology, Microbiology Society, 2009, 90 (10), pp.2425-2436. ⟨10.1099/vir.0.008896-0⟩. ⟨hal-02658332⟩
  • David Couret, Wilfred Otten, B. Puppe, Armelle Prunier, Elodie Merlot. Behavioural, endocrine and immune responses to repeated social stress in pregnant gilts. animal, Published by Elsevier (since 2021) / Cambridge University Press (until 2020), 2009, 3 (1), pp.118-127. ⟨10.1017/S1751731108003236⟩. ⟨hal-02663422⟩
  • Elodie Merlot, David Couret, Wilfred Otten. Prenatal stress, fetal imprinting and immunity. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, Elsevier, 2008, 22 (1), pp.42-51. ⟨10.1016/j.bbi.2007.05.007⟩. ⟨hal-02663873⟩
  • Sabine Roussel, Elodie Merlot, Alain Boissy, Christine Duvaux-Ponter. Le stress prénatal : état des connaissances et conséquences potentielles en élevage. Productions animales, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, 2007, 20 (1), pp.81-86. ⟨hal-01173444⟩
  • Elodie Merlot, E. Moze, Robert Dantzer, P.J. Neveu. Immune alterations induced by social defeat do not alter the course of an on-going BCG infection in mice. Neuroimmunomodulation, Karger, 2004, 11, pp.414-418. ⟨hal-02673194⟩
  • Elodie Merlot, E. Moze, Robert Dantzer, P.J. Neveu. Cytokine production by spleen cells after social defeat: Activation of T-cells and reduced inhibition by glucocorticoids. Stress, Informa Healthcare, 2004, 7, pp.55-61. ⟨hal-02674904⟩
  • Elodie Merlot. Conséquences du stress sur la fonction immunitaire chez les animaux d'élevage. Productions animales, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, 2004, 17 (4), pp.255-264. ⟨hal-02682983⟩
  • Elodie Merlot, Marie-Christine Meunier-Salaün, Armelle Prunier. Behavioural, endocrine and immune consequences of mixing in weaned piglets. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, Elsevier, 2004, 85, pp.247-257. ⟨hal-02676178⟩
  • A. Bartolomucci, P. Palanza, S. Parmigiani, T. Pedrezani, Elodie Merlot, et al.. Chronic psychosocial stress down-regulates central cytokines mRNA. Brain Research Bulletin, Elsevier, 2003, 62, pp.173-178. ⟨hal-02669248⟩
  • Elodie Merlot, Juan Dong, O. Mrabet, E. Moze, K.S. Li, et al.. The cytokinergic response to stress depends on lateralization. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, Elsevier, 2001, 16, pp.201. ⟨hal-02679667⟩

Preprints, Working Papers, ...1 document

  • Diana Luise, Mathilde Le Sciellour, Arnaud Buchet, Rémi Resmond, Charlène Clement, et al.. The fecal microbiota of piglets is influenced by the farming environment and is associated with piglet robustness at weaning. 2019. ⟨hal-02790062⟩

Theses3 documents

  • Elodie Merlot. Modulation of cytokine production by social environment and susceptibility to infections. Sciences of the Universe [physics]. INAPG (AgroParisTech), 2003. English. ⟨NNT : 2003INAP0021⟩. ⟨pastel-00000790⟩
  • Elodie Merlot. Modulation de la production de cytokines par l'environnement social et susceptibilité aux infections. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. Institut National Agronomique Paris Grignon, 2003. Français. ⟨tel-02827076⟩
  • Elodie Merlot. Modulation de la production de cytokines par l'environnement. Immunologie. Institut national agronomique paris-grignon - INA P-G, 2003. Français. ⟨tel-00007518⟩

Habilitation à diriger des recherches1 document

  • Elodie Merlot. Immunomodulation chez le porcelet : influence de stress pré- et postnataux et du statut métabolique de l'animal. Biologie animale. Université de Rennes 1, 2017. ⟨tel-02791427⟩